Patient Brochures

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Dental Crowns

A crown (cap) is a restoration that is placed on teeth that have lost a lot of their structure. There are many different types of crowns, full porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, full metal crowns… Your dentist will explain the advantage and disadvantage of each kind for you.

The process of making a crown includes many steps that start in our office with preparing the teeth and taking
impressions from the tooth/teeth involved. Then a temporary crown or bridge is placed on your teeth.

The impressions are sent to the lab. In the lab a mold of the teeth is poured and the work begins.

There are multiple steps and different technicians work on the mold to fabricate a crown or bridge. The completed work is sent back to the office and after necessary checks and adjustments it is cemented onto your teeth.

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Teeth stain during our lifetime due to consumption of a variety of foods and drinks (Coke, spicy food, coffee…) New technology of teeth whitening has enabled dentists to whiten teeth without any change or damage to the tooth structure.

Almost all the whitening methods are similar in concept but some are much more effective because of the way the
whitening material is delivered to the teeth. The other factor in effectiveness of the method is the concentration of material, which is the reason why over the counter whitening systems usually don’t give patients the result they are hoping for.

The two main methods of professional whitening are tray whitening and in office whitening. Tray whitening is when a custom tray is made for the patient after an impression is taken, then a supply of whitening gel is given to the patient and he/she will wear the tray for a few hours a day (techniques differ) for a period of time until an acceptable result is achieved. Sensitivity of the teeth is a normal complication of this method of whitening and is almost always transitional.

In office whitening on the other hand is the most effective method of whitening. There are a few different ways that are available for example, Britesmile, Zoom, Laser whitening….But in all these methods the process is similar and you can have your teeth whitened in one
session with great results. Your dentist can give you more detailed information and tell you which method is more suitable in your case and which one is indicated for your teeth.

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Dental Implants

During the last 20 years dental implants have become a great alternative to other methods of replacing missing teeth.
Excellent success rates and a variety of available options give dentists many new ways to treat and replace lost teeth.

Your dentist will be able to evaluate your case and tell you if you are a candidate for dental implants. Basically, a dental implant is a Titanium based cylinder that replaces the missing tooth root. After a period of time and when
the implant is taken bu bone other parts will be placed on top of implant that enables your dentist to eventually place a crown (cap) on the implant.

Implants also can be used to support full or partial dentures. They dramatically improve the denture retention and stability.

Most patients with enough amount of bone can have implants, although individual decisions are made between you and your dentist. Usually an x-ray and a CT-scan is done to determine if you have enough bone to place the implant and also to determine the size and kind of the implant that should be placed.

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Veneers & Laminates

This is how you can get a beautiful smile quickly. Veneers or Laminates are a thin shell of porcelain or resin that is bonded to the surface of the teeth to change their shape, shade and position of teeth to improve the aesthetic of your teeth and smile and/or replace and restore the lost tooth structure where it is indicated. It is made of  porcelain or laboratory resin.

Your dentist will do a complete examination of your teeth and will determine if veneers are indicated for you.  Usually with veneers it is possible to improve the esthetics of your teeth and smile dramatically.

Veneers can improve the shape of your teeth, make your teeth as white as you want and give you the smile you have always wanted. Veneers are bonded to your tooth structure, which gives them strength. sometimes there are gaps between teeth which can be closed with veneers.

Also because they are very thin, they are considered one of the most conservative cosmetic treatments available. Most of the times very little or no tooth structure is removed before placing veneers. Ask your dentist how veneers can improve your smile.

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Inlays & Onlays

Inlays or onlays are laboratory made restorations that are placed on teeth when the cavity or lost tooth structure is too large to be restored by a simple filling. The process of making an Inlay is very similar to a crown. After the  tooth is prepared it is cemented or bonded to the tooth.

There are different materials that inlays are made of, gold, porcelain and composite resins are among them. Porcelain and composite inlays and onlays are cosmetic alternatives to fillings and are very strong compared to regular white fillings. Gold inlays and onlays are also good alternatives but their appearance has made them less popular.

Your dentist will explain to you when an inlay or onlay is a good treatment option for you. In general, inlays and onlays can replace most of
back teeth fillings and provide a better alternative to conventional filling. At the same time they are more  conservative than crowns.

As far as the cost is concerned, because the process of making an inlay or onlay is similar to a crown, its cost is  also comparable. When long-term longevity of inlays and onlays are considered, though, they can end up costing less than traditional composite white fillings.

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TMJ is the joint that connects the lower  jaw to base of skull. It is similar to other joints of the body but it also translates, in other word it  rotates and translates, that allows forward and backward movements of lower jaw as well as rotations and side to side movements.

The terms TMJ stands for Temporo-Mandibular Joint. This is one of the most complicated joints of the body and the only one which rotates the One that allows forward and backward moves as well as rotations and side to side movements.

TMD ( temporo-Mandibular Disorders ) is often referred to as the complications and problems with this joint. Some of the most common symptoms of TMJ problems are:

  • Pain, and joint tenderness in front of ear

  • Limitation of movement of the lower jaw

  • Clicking sounds

  • Muscle spasm

  • Locking of the jaw

Some causes of the disease are genetics, hormones, low-level infections, auto-immune diseases, trauma, and clenching or grinding of the teeth, etc.

Diagnosis of such conditions and evaluation of causes are done by dentists experienced in TMJ problems and treatments. Some common treatments are Night Guards, Bite Guards and Bite Adjustments, anti inflammatory pain medications, physical therapy. Your dentist will be able to guide you toward the best treatment for you.

If you experience any TMJ problem or symptoms please let us know. The doctor will be happy to evaluate your situation and offer the best treatment possible.

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Teeth Sealants

Sealants are thin layers of resin that are placed on the pits and fissures and grooves of (usually) molars to prevent decay on these surfaces Majority of decays on back teeth starts on grooves and pits of chewing  surfaces, especially during the first few years after their eruption. Sealing these surfaces with composite resins prevents these kinds of decay.

Sealants are one of the most effective methods of preventing decays on the surfaces where they are places. Although it is still a possibility that decay may happen on surfaces in between the teeth, sealants significantly reduce the overall chance of having cavities. It is usually done without anesthesia and it stays on the tooth surface for 2-3 years.

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